Asmat always identified with carved figures or traditional sculpture. This is because traditional carvings or engravings have been exposed out by various parties, both government and private sector in Indonesia in the form of cultural festivals in both Agast or in Jayapura, Bali, Yogyakarta and Jakarta or outside the country as the Netherlands Embassy Denhag on August 28 – September 5, 2008 in order to invite the world, promoting Trade, Tourism and Investment (TTI) and support the development of Eastern Indonesia (Heelvezen Radio Report, the Netherlands, Jam 18:30 pm, September 6, 2008). Moreover Asmat has been designated as world cultural heritage site by the United Nations in February 2004 (Kompas, February 2004).
Statue sculpture or carving appearing within this fenstifal is always sold by auction. The advantage of each sculpture is usually reached Rp. 40 Million one thing and the lowest USD. 1 million. The statue was carved or engraved can be as expensive as this because the picture or image of the statue is beautifully told of a story experienced by a particular person or a specific community groups within the Asmat tribe.
However, the art of carving or engraving art that this surface is a small part of the face of the Asmat people in Papua and the potential of natural resources. Therefore in this paper the author wants to describe a general picture of who, how and where they exist and are alive and their This real conditions at the moment.
The Asmat tribe is one of 315 tribal / indigenous Papua who lived in two areas, namely (a) The southern coastal region of Papua or the river, their daily life like for fish, mix (pound sago) and hunting and (b) in the interior region of the Asmat people who live in the marshes and rivers and lakes, they like to look for fish, fishermen, mix (pound sago) and yet did not grow crops. Perhaps because they live in two different areas so they have a different dialect, a way of life, social strata and the ritual feast.
Apart from the above two differences, Asmat tribe itself was composed of twelve sub-tribes, namely: Joirat, Emari Ducur, Bismam, Becembub, Simai, Kenekap, Unir interpretation, Unir Epmak, Safan, Armatak, Brasm and Yupmakcain. The division of this sub-tribe occurs in Asmat society itself from place to stay, tips and spread lingungan addressing each group in the Asmat people.
While the word itself Asmat people means wood or tree. The second version of the meaning of wood is believed that the Asmat people, which first appeared on the surface of the earth are trees. The trees are Ucu (banyan) and fitted (iron wood), which is believed to be the embodiment of two old mama Ucukamaraot (spirit banyan) and Paskomaraot (iron wood spirit). Goods times this mystical beliefs that give the impression that the wood carving or sculpture made by the Asmat people were very ‘soul’.
Asmat Geographic Conditions
Territory they inhabit a unique partner. Plain chocolate is covered with soft cobwebs river. In the north, the foothills of the Peak District Mining or Nduga Jaya and Jaya, the eastern section and Merauke districts Mappi southern Arafura Sea and the western part of the regency of Mimika.
Areas inhabited by these Asmat has become his own district with the name of the Asmat DISTRICT 7 subdistrict or district. Almost all the territory located in marshy ground. Almost every day rain millimeters rainfall per year 3000-4000. Each day the ocean tides also go into this area, so no wonder if the ground is very soft and muddy. The road is only made of wooden boards piled on the ground soggy. Virtually all vehicles can get through this road. People who walk must be careful not to slip, especially when it rains.
Tranpotasi tool used to reach this area (Asmat) either into or out of Asmat, nor among the Asmat district is to use the water transport through the river, the boats, longboat, and the speedboat. Tickets pioneering ship-Agats Merauke goal Rp 50,000-Rp 100,000. The journey taken two days and two nights if the weather is normal. When the weather is bad, can travel about five days. The ship docked a pioneer not only in Agats, but in the District ATSY, Sawa Erma, and the Cassowary Coast which borders Arafuru Sea.
Air transport is very expensive and limited. Only District Cassowary Coast Agats and affordable air transportation. Agats a runway airfield with 600 x 20 meters using a steel mat runway surface. Ewer airport can be landed Pigeons twin otter aircraft and Water Potential routes Jayapura, Timika, Agats. Meanwhile, airports in the Cassowary Coast anvil surface soil and sand and rock dove just landed the plane-Merauke route Cassowary Coast. Intensity flights to Agats Cassowary Coast a week and two to three times. However, the cost of travel around IDR 800,000 too high for local people.
Asmat traditional food is sago. Almost every day they eat sago, which is made so dots and baked in the coals. Another hobby is eating sago worms  who lived in the trunk of the sago tree. Sago worms are usually wrapped in palm leaves, sprinkled with sago, and baked in the coals. In addition, grilled vegetables and fish used as a complement
However, the concern is the problem of clean water sources. Ground water is difficult to obtain because their territory is marshy land. Forced to use rain water and swamp water as clean water for daily needs.
Asmat Traditional Houses is a jeu. Length to 25 meters. Until now still be found this traditional house when we visited the Asmat inland. Even still there are also among those who build houses to live in the trees.
Asmat community Catholic, Protestant and animism, which is a teaching and practice of the balance of nature and the worship of the spirits of the dead or the statue of .
For the Asmat, sago worms are an important part in their rituals. Each ritual is held, it is certain that many caterpillars that are used (Kal Muller, Papua Know, 2008, p. 31).
Besides fish, shark, crab, shrimp, sea cucumbers, squid and fish, turtles and other aquatic animals merinpah modulus, Asmat area also has natural resources of extraordinary security, such as: Wood, rattan, gaharu, pecan, MASOHI skin, skin mace, resin, and incense.
Women in Asmat view
Symbolization of women by the flora and fauna are valuable to society Asmat (tree / wood, possum, dogs, parrots and popinjay, and the daffodils) as the meaning of Asmat said above, shows how Asmat people actually put women as being very valuable to them. This implied also dalamberbagai art and sculpture carving them. But the fame gegap gempitanya and Asmat carvings and engravings, a reality hidden suffering of mothers and girls who do not Asmat heard by the outside world.
Asmat Women suffering is a single performer, in support of the tribe. Every day they must provide food for her husband and her children, ranging from fishing, shrimp, crabs and Tambelo up to find that old sago palm, sago tree cut down, pound, sago from the forest carrying cooking and serving. After that wash the food or cooking, including taking water from the pond or river for drinking straight families
Meanwhile activities Asmat male is a daily meal provided by his wife, smoking tobacco, and gambling. Sometimes my husband makes a house or a boat, but with the help of his wife. There is also a husband who would accompany his wife to find firewood. Unfortunately they are really just accompany. Rowing boats, timber cutting, and take it home is the job of a wife. Husband who was kind enough to help bring her ax.
If the wife does not prepare her husband’s request as sago or fish, then the wife will become victims of a surge of anger. If they lost gambling, then the wife will also be the object of resentment. Those who live in Agats, now also used to get drunk because alcohol had been sold freely. When they get drunk, they are more prone to tantrums so that wives would be more accepting of violence.
Sometimes a man Asmat carve if they wish to or if you want a party. When a man carved, then the task will be increasingly female. Women should continue to provide fuel sago and other foods that their husbands wanted to continue to be vigorous to carve. The longer a man carving, the more the amount of food they must provide.
That means women will increasingly tired, because they have to mix vegetables, tap and processing sago, and even capture fish. More tragically, if carving is sold it is money only for a husband who made her.
Asmat Women did not receive any remuneration for his trouble providing food. And without food, the carving would not be completed (Linggasari Goddess, 2004, The Mighty The Tertindas. Portraits of Women Living Asmat. Yogyakarta: BIGRAF Publishing, in cooperation with IKAPI Adhikarya Foundation and the Ford Foundation. Hal. 22).
Asmat disaster for no less than 3 namely: (first)malaria, (second)crocodile, (third)HIV / AIDS. After HIV-AIDS virus to bloom in the Asmat and began grabbing casualties, the stacked list of issues that must be faced and the whole community governments Asmat. As a new district that was busy-busy to make corrections infrastructure and everything that is needed in order to organize a new government, in various aspects, an outbreak of HIV-AIDS is a blow that would suck up funds, time, energy and thoughts of every component Asmat community, relevant agencies in the ranks of the Asmat regency administration in particular and certainly need the central government should immediately take steps to overcome (Anthony Ruto Leza, a former teacher at the Asmat Agats-1988-1996-Sinar Harapan 2003).
- Radio reports Heelvezen, Netherlands, Jam 18.30 WIB, 6 September 2008;
- Dr.Kal Muller, Know Papua, 2008;
- Rudolf Pigay, STh-Tribal Cultural Research Papers Kamoro-Sago and Tambelo, November 2008;
- Suara Merdeka 2005;
- M Puteri Rosalina, R & D Kompas, Kompas;
- Dewi Linggasari, 2004, The Mighty, the oppressed. Asmat Women Living Portrait;
- Kompas Cyber Media, Sunday 03 August 2003;
- Sinar Harapan 2003;
- Kompas, February 2004;
 The sociologists and anthropologists divide the tribes in Papua into five major families based on linguistic review of: (a) Trans-New Guineam Phylum, (b) Phylum geelvink Bay, (c) East Vogelkop Phylum, (d) West Papuan Phylum, (e) Austronesian (Non-Papuan) Language). Asmat ethnic groups included in the Trans-New-Man Guineam Phylum Guinea owner who had lived hundreds of thousands of years ago (Dr.Kal Muller, Papua Know, 2008, p. 61).
 Please note that there is no road that can be built in Asmat because most areas are swamp both between villages and districts especially with other districts.
 Kamoro tribe who live near the shore in the Mimika district mentioned that sago worm with the name Tambelo (Rudolf Pigay-Tribal Cultural Research Papers Kamoro-Sago and Tambelo, November 2008).
 Asmat society known to have high religiosity, especially with the balance of life associated with the myths and help the spirits of ancestors. Asmat people know three of the world. Capmbinak or Asmat-ow is the world of living things in this world. Then there Capininiatau damer-owyaitu the spirit world and the spirits that are the source of fear. Asmat people believe that their ancestors were in a place called Ji-Safan or owatau the concept of monotheistic religious people is paradise.
Harmony and peace for the Asmat sourced and maintained only by keeping a balance between the three worlds. To maintain the balance between them must be filled with a certain ritual obligations are done periodically. Carving is one part of the ritual that is part of ancestor worship associated with this balance (Suara Merdeka, 2005).
 Women are also seen as carrying a child polecat, which for Asmat possum is an animal sacred embodiment of the spirits of ancestors.
 Women in the Asmat tribe also known as safe cem jury, the dog who always maintain and disrupt the enemy of his master. Dogs are also believed to be the animal host to humans fire.
 Women are also seen as beyor or parrot, and ir (white parrots). The birds are a symbol of the presence of ancestor spirits.
 Women as taar, red lilies and beautiful is a symbol of ancestral spirits. As taar, women are not only considered beautiful appearance, but also beautiful heart.
 Malaria is an endemic disease of Papua
 Elements of security forces allegedly involved in the sex trade by barter between female sex workers with gaharu wood in various districts in the district of Asmat, Papua Province. A number of community leaders and women to Antara, the Agats, the capital district of Asmat, Sunday (3 / 8) tells us, security elements that supply the female sex workers from Java, Manado, Southeast Maluku, and Sorong Timika to several districts in the district of Asmat. These workers are transported by luxury boat PT. KM Pelni Sangiang who entered the area twice a month through the port Agats. In addition, the elements that officials opened the mini bar, karaoke, billiards and liquor market along several rivers in Asmat by employing these women. This caused public unrest setempat.Untuk return, local men, especially heads of households to seek gaharu wood in the forest wilderness. The men when having sex to give gaharu wood in a large paint can. One can of paint containing five to seven kilograms worth of playing Rp500.000/kg for sex. Transactions sex with aloe that occurred in Kampung Binaam / Waganu ATSI and Villages in the District and the Village Swator and Manep akat Buetkwar in the District.
Worse yet, the father’s departure resulted in the child’s life and wife apart, even cracking occurs household because it was feared her husband infected with HIV / AIDS.
Chief of Police Sector Agast, Krey Joel Bripda confirmed justify the transaction. But it was not made so much for the TNI who was the mastermind of the transaction. “The mother always complained, but police did not do much to overcome this problem because there are elements behind that security forces were orchestrating events,” he said (Kompas Cyber Media, Sun 03 Agustus 2003).